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Home > Landscaping > Native Plants for Western Washington Gardens and Restoration Projects


Native Deciduous Shrubs

Acer circinatum
Vine Maple
Tall, erect, multi-trunked shrub or small tree with sprawling branches.
Height: 13-26 feet (4-8 meters)
Leaves deciduous. Bark is initially smooth and bright green, eventually turning brown with age.
Amelanchier alnifolia
Serviceberry, Saskatoon
Medium-sized shrub producing fragrant white flowers in late spring.
Height: Up to 15 feet (4.5 meters).
Leaves deciduous. Stems are smooth and slender, often with leaning trunks. Bark is dark gray to reddish.
Betula glandulosa
Bog Birch
Spreading, small-branched perennial shrub of bogs and wet areas.
Height: Up to 10 feet (3 meters) tall; usually shorter.
Leaves deciduous. Bark becomes reddish-brown when mature; young branches have numerous round sticky glands.
Cornus stolonifera
Red-osier Dogwood
Spreading, thicket-forming shrub with bright red stems.
Height: Up to 20 feet (6 meters).
Leaves deciduous. Bright red, smooth stems; opposite branches; branches can root freely.
Corylus cornuta
Beaked Hazelnut
Slender, multi-trunked deciduous shrub.
Height: 3 feet - 13 feet (1 meter - 4 meters).
Leaves deciduous. Numerous stems that are densely clumped, 3mm in diameter, stem bark is gray-brown and hairy when young.
Crataegus douglasii
black hawthorn
large shrub or small tree with clusters of white flowers and dark purplish-black berries.
Leaves deciduous. Stems have large thorns (3 cm long); bark is grey, rough and scaly, often mottled with patches of lichen.
Holodiscus discolor
Oceanspray
Multi-stemmed upright shrub with ridged young stems and arching older stems with peeling bark. White flowers.
Height: Up to 13 feet (4 meters).
Leaves deciduous. Several main stems; young stems are rigged, older stems are brownish with peeling bark.
Kalmia microphylla ssp. occidentalis
Bog Laurel
Small, slender-branched shrub with dark green waxy leaves and clusters of bright pink flowers.
Height: Up to 3 feet (1 meter).
Leaves deciduous.
Ledum groenlandicum
Labrador Tea
Evergreen, branching shrub with rusty-hairy leaf undersides and white flowers.
Height: Up to 5 feet (1.5 meters).
Leaves deciduous.
Lonicera involucrata
Twinberry
Tall shrub with opposite leaves and pairs of small yellow flowers in leaf axils.
Height: Up to 10 feet (3 meters tall).
Leaves deciduous. Slender brown stems with pithy centers and thin shredding bark.
Malus fusca
Pacific Crabapple
Small tree, slender in form, appears thorny; bushy in the open.
Height: 16.5-40 feet (5-12 meters).
Leaves deciduous. Twigs and branches appear to have thorns, but these are actually spurs, on which flowers and fruits are produced. Young twigs covered with tiny white or gray hairs. Older bark deeply fissured.
Myrica gale
Sweet Gale
Leaves deciduous.
Nothochelone nemorosa
Woodland Penstemon
Leaves deciduous.
Oemleria cerasiformis
Indian Plum, Osoberry
Deciduous shrub producing clusters of white flowers in very early spring. One of the earliest plants to bloom.
Height: 16.5 feet (5 meters).
Leaves deciduous. Stems are red-brown with round, gray pores.
Oplopanax horridus
Devil's Club
An erect to sprawling shrub with thick, spiny, crooked stems and very large leaves.
Height: Up to 10 feet (3 meters).
Leaves deciduous. 1-4 cm thick, often entangled, and densely armed with large yellowish spines.
Penstemon fruticosus
Lowbush Penstemon
Spreading shrub with numerous tubular purple flowers.
Height: Up to 40 cm (1.5 ft) tall.
Leaves evergreen,deciduous. Slender, erect, woody near base.
Philadelphus lewisii
Mock Orange
Erect, loosely branched shrub with large fragrant white flowers.
Height: Up to 10 feet (3 meters).
Leaves deciduous. Brown bark, checking and eventually flaking off.
Physocarpus capitatus
Pacific Ninebark
Erect to spreading shrub up to 4 meters tall with clusters of white flowers.
Height: Up to 13 feet (4 meters).
Leaves deciduous. Brown shredding peeling bark.
Ribes lacustre
Black Gooseberry
Erect to spreading shrub with spiny stems.
Height: Up to 6.5 feet (2 meters).
Leaves deciduous. Numerous small golden prickles on stem, larger spines (to 12 mm) at leaf nodes, bark on old stems is cinnamon colored.
Ribes sanguineum
Red Flowering Currant
Erect, multi-stemmed shrub with showy clusters of deep pink flowers in early spring.
Height: 3-10 feet (1-3 meters).
Leaves deciduous. Crooked stems; no thorns or spines; young growth finely hairy; reddish brown bark.
Rosa gymnocarpa
Baldhip Rose
Spindly shrub with brittle weak straight spines and small pink rose flowers.
Height: Up to 5 feet (1.5 meters).
Leaves deciduous. Younger stems have stalked glands; older stems have numerous soft, straight prickles.
Rosa nutkana
Nootka Rose
Spindly shrub with a pair of prickles at the base of each leaf and large pink rose flowers.
Height: Up to 10 feet (3 meters).
Leaves deciduous. A pair of large prickles at the base of each leaf; stems are reddish-brown.
Rosa pisocarpa
Swamp Rose
Thicket forming shrub with spiny stems and clusters of pink rose flowers.
Leaves deciduous.
Rubus parviflorus
Thimbleberry
Unarmed spreading shrub with large white flowers. Usually forms dense thickets.
Height: Up to 10 feet (3 meters).
Leaves deciduous. Young stems are glandular and hairy; in older stems the bark is shredding.
Rubus spectabilis
Salmonberry
Erect and branching shrub with early spring pink flowers and reddish-orange raspberry-like fruits.
Height: Up to 13 feet (4 meters).
Leaves deciduous. Often forming dense thickets, zig-zag twigs without hairs, with scattered prickles; bark golden brown and shredding; stems prickly on new growth.
Rubus ursinus
Trailing Blackberry
Trailing prickly vine producing small blackberries in late summer.
Height: 20 inches (50 cm).
Leaves deciduous. Stems prostrate, trailing up to 5 meters long, armed with curved, unflattened prickles; floral canes erect; stems covered in fine waxy powder; blue-green in color.
Salix lucida
Pacific Willow
Leaves deciduous.
Salix piperi
Piper's Willow
Leaves deciduous.
Salix sitchensis
Sitka Willow
Leaves deciduous.
Sambucus racemosa
Red Elderberry
Shrub to small tree with clusters of small white flowers and red berries.
Height: 20 feet (6 meters).
Leaves deciduous. Soft pithy greenish brown twigs with lines and furrows, bark dark reddish-brown, warty, branches opposite, new twigs are purplish.
Sorbus sitchensis
Sitka-Mountain Ash
Leaves deciduous.
Spiraea densiflora
Subalpine Spirea
Low mound-forming shrub with rounded clusters of intense pink tiny flowers.
Height: Up to 3 feet (1 meter) tall.
Leaves deciduous. Slender, brown, much-branched.
Spiraea douglasii
Douglas' Spirea
Leaves deciduous.
Symphoricarpos albus
Snowberry
Erect shrub with attractive white berries that persist through the winter.
Height: Up to 6.5 feet (2 meters).
Leaves deciduous. Very slender, brittle twigs with opposite branching; hairless.
Vaccinium parvifolium
Red Huckleberry
Delicately branched shrub with small red huckleberries, suitable for shady areas on decaying wood.
Height: 4-10 feet (1.5-3 meters).
Leaves deciduous. Young twigs are green and strongly angled, older stems are light brown with thin bark; much-branched.
Viburnum edule
High Bush Cranberry
Shrub with bright red berries and brilliant fall foliage.
Height: 3-9 feet (1-3 meters) tall.
Leaves deciduous.


The landscaping and restoration information provided on this page is taken from the Starflower Foundation Image Herbarium. All photographs © Starflower Foundation unless otherwise noted.